Collective Responsibility

Say You, Say Ye: Individual and Collective Identity and Responsibility in Torah

Torah’s use of pronouns resists today’s strident commitment to self-autonomy. It does not merely present a collective identity in its place.

Beating a Dead Category: A Response to Mark Sneed

I’m grateful to my friend and Society of Biblical Literature Wisdom in Cognate and Israelite Traditions program unit co-chair, Mark…

Moses receiving the decalogue

Arranging the Decalogue: Punctuation Matters for Interpreting the Ten Commandments

Michael LeFebvre notes several literary features for a fresh look at the decalogue’s structure and how punctuation aids its interpretation.

‘Wisdom Literature’ Is Not Dead Yet: A Response to Will Kynes

I have already reviewed Will Kynes’s book, An Obituary for “Wisdom Literature,” in many ways magisterial, elsewhere. I am here…

"The Wisdom of Solomon" by James Tissot (1836-1902 French), Jewish Museum, New York City

The End of ‘Wisdom Literature’

This essay was adapted from a talk for Union Presbyterian Seminary’s Wisdom Webinar on April 27, 2021. At the Annual…

Jesus bowing in the Garden of Gethsemane

Worship: Bowing Down in the Service of God

Abstract Philosophers commonly assume that worship is a universal attitude. Two major approaches see worship as a sui generis attitude or as…

Ancient Israel

The Hebrew Republic? Divine Authority and Self-Governance

This article makes a case that the ancient Israelite tribes and peoples formed a legitimately self-governing society.

Mt. Sinai

Constitution, Class, and the Book of Deuteronomy

Abstract The book of Deuteronomy has a dual agenda in its blueprint for the polity. First it rejects the exclusionary…

Father sitting and smiling with son

Imago Dei as Divine Kinship

Imago Dei implies that humans are God’s kin—specifically, His children. Israel embodied this status in the law, which has implications for bearing God’s image today.