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"The Wisdom of Solomon" by James Tissot (1836-1902 French), Jewish Museum, New York City

The End of ‘Wisdom Literature’

This essay was adapted from a talk for Union Presbyterian Seminary’s Wisdom Webinar on April 27, 2021. At the Annual…

Jesus bowing in the Garden of Gethsemane

Worship: Bowing Down in the Service of God

Abstract Philosophers commonly assume that worship is a universal attitude. Two major approaches see worship as a sui generis attitude or as…

Ancient Israel

The Hebrew Republic? Divine Authority and Self-Governance

This article makes a case that the ancient Israelite tribes and peoples formed a legitimately self-governing society.

Mt. Sinai

Constitution, Class, and the Book of Deuteronomy

Abstract The book of Deuteronomy has a dual agenda in its blueprint for the polity. First it rejects the exclusionary…

Father sitting and smiling with son

Imago Dei as Divine Kinship

Imago Dei implies that humans are God’s kin—specifically, His children. Israel embodied this status in the law, which has implications for bearing God’s image today.

Moses and Aaron

The People-Forming Passover in Exodus

The Passover in Exodus, before the Israelites’ departure from Egypt, played a role in forming the Jewish people and nation.

Fox and hedgehog

Empiricism vs. Rationalism in the Hebrew Bible? Some Thoughts about Ancient Foxes and Hedgehogs

‘The fox knows many things but the hedgehog one important thing” (πόλλ’ οἶδ’ ἀλώπηξ, ἀλλ’ ἐχῖνος ἓν µέγα). Taking up…

Israeli sunrise

Is God ‘Perfect Being’?

Is God perfect? There are a number of reasons to question whether this longstanding conception of God’s nature is an appropriate basis for religious belief.

Close-up of wheat field

The Meaning of Life in Ecclesiastes

This article determines how Ecclesiastes addressed meaningfulness by drawing on a threefold scheme of definitions for life’s meaning.